Water and Wastewater Treatment

An Expert's View about Water Treatment in Vietnam

Last updated: 4 Mar 2011

Summary

Vietnam is facing an increasing number of environmental pollution challenges including air, water, and solid waste pollution. Major factors contributing to these problems include high population growth rate, rapid urbanization, accelerating industrialization, and weak enforcement of the Law on Environmental Protection and Development.

This report provides a market overview and trends of water supply and wastewater treatment in Vietnam, recommendations for market entry, and best sales prospects for U.S. suppliers. 

Market Demand

Water Supply

The lack of clean water is one of Vietnam’s most pressing environmental concerns. At present, it is estimated that only about 70 percent of the Vietnamese population has access to potable water. A high rate of water loss, averaging 32 percent, further aggravates the problem. In order to improve upon this situation, the Prime Minister recently issued Decision 1929/QD-TTg on approval of the “Orientation for Development of Water Supply in Vietnam’s Urban Centers and Industrial Parks Leading to 2025, and Vision for 2050”. The Decision sets a target of supplying clean water to all urban cities, towns, and limiting the rate of water loss in these cities to be less than 15 percent by 2025. By 2050, all urban cities, towns, and industrial parks will be supplied adequately with water in a stable manner with high quality of services. 

To this end, the GVN uses Official Development Assistance (ODA) funding to develop water distribution networks. The ODA funds are used for three major water supply programs: (i) World Bank water supply projects for small and medium cities, (ii) Finland water supply projects for the northern mountainous areas, and (iii) AFD (Agence Francaise de Developpement) water supply projects for Mekong Delta provinces. However, it is estimated that ODA will be gradually reduced, since GDP per capita surpassed the $1,000 threshold as of the end 2010. In that context and in view of the enormous demand, the GVN strongly encourages private participation in the development of water supply facilities and has created favorable policies to entice investments. This policy stance is clearly stated in a number of GVN’s decrees including decree No. 117 on Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation; decree No. 88 on Drainage System Management; and decree No. 59 on Solid Waste Management. 

Currently there are over 240 water treatment plants in Vietnam, producing over 4.7 million cubic meters per day for urban consumption, but these plants currently only meet about 70% of demand. 

In Ho Chi Minh City, the water supply offers about 1.2 million cubic meters per day. The city’s two biggest water plants are Thu Duc (sourcing surface water from Dong Nai River) and Tan Hiep (sourcing surface water from Saigon River) , which have capacities of 750,000 cubic meters and 300,000 cubic meters per day, respectively.

The majority of existing water plants uses underground water sources. In Hanoi, all 12 water plants rely on underground water sources, offering a total capacity of about 580,000 cubic meters per day. The actual demand is about 1.05 million cubic meters per day, however. Major water treatment facilities in Hanoi include Mai Dich, Luong Yen, Ngo Si Lien, and Da River water plants with capacities of 60,000 cubic meters, 60,000 cubic meters, 80,000 cubic meters, and 300,000 cubic meters per day, respectively.

The majority of existing water plants uses underground water sources. In Hanoi, all 12 water plants rely on underground water sources, offering a total capacity of about 580,000 cubic meters per day. The actual demand is about 1.05 million cubic meters per day, however. Major water treatment facilities in Hanoi include Mai Dich, Luong Yen, Ngo Si Lien, and Da River water plants with capacities of 60,000 cubic meters, 60,000 cubic meters, 80,000 cubic meters, and 300,000 cubic meters per day, respectively.

 

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Posted: 28 December 2010, last updated 4 March 2011

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