The renewable power is the fastest growing sub-sector in the Kenya's power mix and is expected to grow at a year-over-year rate of 17 percent by 2030.
9 January 2014
Renewables grow fastest in Kenya power mix
The renewable power sector has been the
fastest growing sub-sector in the Kenya's
power sector. Between 2000 and 2012,
renewable power capacity grew at a year-
over-year rate of 12.5 percent. During the
period 2013-2030, the capacity is expected
to grow at a rate of 17 percent.
Pioneering Menengai geothermal development project in
Kenya. Photo: AfDB
Renewable power capacity contributed only 5.4 percent of the total installed capacity of the country
in 2000. By 2012, this share had increased to 16.2 percent, according to a report from GlobalData.
Renewable power capacity is expected to grow at a higher rate of 17 percent between 2013 and
2030 due to the focus of the Kenyan government on increasing mainly geothermal capacity, says the
report that provides a detailed analysis of the Kenya power market.
This is in keeping with the government’s Least Cost Power Development Plan, which seeks to
generate the cheapest possible power in the country in an environmentally sustainable manner.
It has been found that generating electricity from geothermal assets in the country would lead to
significantly lower tariffs, of which this report contains further details.
Annual power consumption in Kenya increased from 3.3 terawatt hours (TWh) in 2000 to 6.4 TWh
in 2012 at a year-over-year growth rate of 5.6 percent due to growth in industry and manufacturing,
and in the residential sector. Annual power generation also increased in the same period from 4
TWh to 7.4 TWh or 5.2 percent.
Hydropower contributed 54.4 percent of the total installed capacity of Kenya in 2012, thus
dominating its power mix. It was followed by oil-based thermal power, which accounted for 29.4
percent of the total installed capacity of the country.
Geothermal power is an important resource and in 2012 contributed 14.1 percent of the total
installed capacity. Other renewable sources such as wind, biomass, and photovoltaic solar power
contributed the remaining 2.1 percent.
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