The textile and apparel industry accounted for $41.7 million in U.S. exports to Panama over 2008-2010 (average).
The U.S.-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement Opportunities for the U.S. Textiles and Apparel Sector The U.S.-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement (TPA) would provide additional commercial opportunities for U.S. exporters: • The provisions of the U.S.-Panama TPA were crafted to promote increased trade in textiles and apparel. U.S. shipments of textiles and apparel to Panama have increased by 61 percent since 2007, totaling $49.9 million in 2010. • Estimated duties paid on exports of U.S. textile and apparel products to Panama were $8.4 million from 2008 to 2010. • Ninety-nine percent of U.S. textile and apparel exports that meet the rule of origin will qualify for immediate duty free market access upon implementation of the U.S.-Panama TPA. Textile and Apparel Industry Overview • The textile and apparel industry accounted for $41.7 million in The U.S. Exported $49.9 Million in Textile and 1 U.S. exports to Panama over 2008-2010 (average). Apparel to Panama in 2010 • Top U.S. textile and apparel exports to Panama include fabric (felts/nonwovens, specialty and industrial); men’s and boys’ suits, 50 trousers, and shorts; women’s and girls’ slacks, shorts, pants, and dresses; accessories; infant wear; undergarments (excluding 40 foundation garments); oor coverings; curtains and drapes; and 2 bedroom furnishings. 30 • In 2010, U.S. production of textiles and apparel was over $66.3 3 20 billion. • The U.S. textile and apparel industry employed an average of 10 4 395,500 workers in the United States in 2010. 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 Improved Market Access for U.S. Textile and Apparel Exporters to Panama • The U.S.-Panama TPA will level the playing eld for U.S. exports to Panama. Panamanian textile and apparel tari s average 6.7 5 percent, ranging from 0 to 15 percent. Panama's Imports of Textile and Apparel • Ninety-nine percent of U.S. textile and apparel exports that meet Products, 2009 the rule of origin will qualify for immediate duty free market access upon implementation of the Agreement. 70 60 50 Foreign Competition in the Panamanian Market 40 • Panama has trade agreements, is negotiating agreements, or is 30 considering negotiating agreements with the following countries: 20 -- Free Trade Agreements: Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, 10 El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Taiwan, and 6 0 Singapore United States China Spain Colombia Costa Rica 1 O ce of Textiles and Apparel Export Market Report, March 24, 2011 2 O ce of Textiles and Apparel Export Market Report; March 24, 2011 3 U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, in NAICS 313, 314 and 315. Shipments used as a best available proxy for production. 4 U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, in NAICS 313, 314 and 315 (based on non-seasonally adjusted data). 5 O ce of Textiles and Apparel, Panama Market Report 6 Organization of American States. SICE-Foreign Trade Information System In Millions USD In Millions USD 7-- Partial Trade Agreements: Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, and Mexico 8 -- Trade Agreements Negotiated (not implemented): Canada and the United States 9 -- Current Negotiations: Colombia, MERCOSUR, and Trinidad and Tobago 10 -- Considering Free Trade Agreements: Israel, Korea, Mexico, and Gulf Cooperation Council • The United States has a 19.5 percent share of the textile and apparel market to Panama, followed by China (6.47 percent), 11 Spain (3.12 percent), Colombia (2.3 percent), and Costa Rica (1.03 percent). Other Key U.S.-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement Commitments for the Textile and Apparel Industry Textile Speci c Safeguard: The U.S.-Panama TPA provides for a textile-speci c safeguard mechanism allowing for temporary application of NTR tari s if a surge in imports under the U.S.-Panama TPA causes or threatens to cause serious damage to the domestic industry. Yarn-Forward Rule of Origin: The U.S.-Panama TPA provides for a “yarn–forward” rule of origin, meaning that qualifying textile and apparel products must be made using U.S. or Panamanian yarns and fabrics, thereby supporting U.S. fabric and yarn exports and jobs. Goods that meet the rule of origin qualify for immediate duty-free market access upon entry into force of the TPA. Elastomeric Yarn, Pocketing, Thread, and Visible Lining Requirements: Consistent with other U.S. free trade agreements, elastomeric yarns, narrow elastic fabrics, pocketing fabric, thread, and visible linings must be sourced from the United States or Panama for textile and apparel products to qualify for preferential treatment. Streamlined Processes to Address Commercial Availability: The U.S.-Panama TPA, similar to CAFTA-DR, a streamlined commercial availability (“short-supply”) determination process will allow fabrics, yarns, or bers that are not commercially available in a timely manner in the United States and Panama to be sourced from third countries and used in the production of apparel qualifying for duty-free treatment. Anti-Circumvention Provision: The U.S.-Panama TPA contains strict customs enforcement provisions. U.S. and Panamanian customs authorities may conduct unannounced site visits to Panamanian producers, and the United States is authorized to undertake a variety of enforcement actions (including denying entry for suspect goods). 7 Organization of American States. SICE-Foreign Trade Information System 8 Organization of American States. SICE-Foreign Trade Information System 9 Organization of American States, SICE-Foreign Trade Information System 10 Ministerio de Comercio e Industrias, http://www.mici.gob.pa 11 In 2010, 60% of Panama’s textile and apparel imports were distributed through the Colon Free Zone. May 2011 The International Trade Administration - Your Global Business Partner The International Trade Administration (ITA) – a division of the U.S. Department of Commerce – strengthens the competitiveness of U.S. industry, promotes trade and investment, and ensures fair trade through the rigorous enforcement of our trade laws and agreements. ITA also utilizes its global presence and international marketing expertise to help U.S. companies sell their products and services worldwide. For more information on exporting to Panama, please contact: • The ITA office of the U.S. Embassy in Panama at email@example.com, or 011-507-317-5000, or by visiting our website http://www.export.gov/panama. • You can also locate the U.S. Commercial Service trade specialist in the U.S. nearest you by visiting http://www.export.gov/eac. For more information on the U.S.-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement, please visit www.export.gov/fta/panama and www.trade.gov/fta/panama. For more information on industry-specific issues, please visit http://trade.gov/mas/index.asp.