Exporter Guide

An Expert's View about Food , Beverages and Tobacco in Malaysia

Posted on: 23 Jan 2012

Malaysia continues to be a net importer of food products with annual imports of more than $12 billion, including consumer-oriented and fishery product imports of $4.9 billion.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 12/30/2011 GAIN Report Number: MY1015 Malaysia Exporter Guide 2011 Approved By: Chris P. Rittgers Prepared By: Loh Lee Pin Report Highlights: Malaysia continues to be a net importer of food products with annual imports of more than $12 billion, including consumer-oriented and fishery product imports of $4.9 billion. With per capita income of over $8,180 and a middle and upper class making up 61 percent of the population, Malaysia shows good potential for growth as a market for high value consumer products. Best U.S. product prospects include fresh fruits and vegetables, pet foods, dried fruits, nuts, frozen potatoes and processed juices. Post: Kuala Lumpur Executive Summary: SECTION I. MARKET OVERVIEW Malaysia is politically and economically stable and open to foreign trade. Transportation, communications, banking and health services are modern and efficient. With a population of around 28.5 million, it is one of the most developed nations in Southeast Asia. About 61 percent of its population falls into the middle to upper income group of consumers; with GDP per capita income of $8,180. Its economy has a firm foundation that includes strong manufacturing, service and agricultural sectors. GDP growth will be about 5 percent in 2011. For 2012, Malaysian government officials have maintained GDP growth projections of between five and six percent in view of the implementation of its Economic Transformation Program (ETP). The ETP initiatives focus on a few key growth engines which are expected to make substantial contributions to Malaysia’s economic performance and to transform Malaysia into a high income nation by 2020. However, most research houses expect Malaysia to grow between three and five per cent in 2012 due to weaker external demand. The inflation rate for 2011 is expected to rise to 2.8 percent from 1.7 percent in 2010. Although prices are expected to rise in view of the rising global commodity and food prices, inflation is however expected to remain moderate going into 2012. The Malaysian food and beverage market is becoming increasingly sophisticated and is supplied by both local and imported products. The strong economic growth in the late 80's and early 90's contributed to major changes in consumer purchases and consumption patterns. Malaysians living in urban areas are relatively brand conscious, and they prefer to shop in stores, which offer them convenience and good product selections. Hypermarkets/large format stores are now the dominant format in urban/metropolitan areas in Malaysia with about 45 to 60 percent of urban household shoppers using them as the main outlet for the majority of their packaged groceries. Traditional markets are losing ground, but are still important outlets for fresh fruits and vegetables. Author Defined: Advantages and Challenges for U.S. Suppliers Advantages Challenges Malaysia’s economy will continue to grow, Though consumers are demanding greater resulting in an increasing number of consumers variety and quality in the foods consumed, they in the middle-income group demanding greater are generally price sensitive towards purchases. variety and quality of foods consumed. Thus retailers often purchase food items that are more affordable to the majority of the consumers. Shopping for foods at supermarkets and Countries that are close to Malaysia have a faster hypermarkets is becoming increasingly popular. delivery time and lower freight cost to Malaysia Furthermore, new supermarkets and compared to US exports. Other countries are hypermarkets are being established throughout able to supply foods at lower prices than imports Malaysia where there is a significant population from the US. of middle to high-income consumers. For example, imports from China, Thailand, Thus supermarkets and hypermarkets are Indonesia, and India are known for their providing greater market access for imported relatively low prices. Australia is able to take foods including chilled and frozen foods since advance of quick delivery times and many these retail outlets have cold storage facilities. Malaysians are familiar with Australian products. Malaysia does not produce or produces in Muslims comprise 60 percent of Malaysia’s insufficient quantities certain food items which population is Muslims. Thus only halal meats therefore have to be imported. These include (beef, lamb, and poultry) are allowed to be beef, lamb, dairy products, pasta, and temperate imported into Malaysia from plants approved by fruits and vegetables. the Malaysian Islamic Development Department (JAKIM) and certified by recognized Islamic institutions in the country of export. Malaysians are becoming more familiar with Importers and distributors supplying mid to western foods from their trips abroad as high-end establishments will purchase at the students, on business, or holiday. The US, lowest price from any exporter or country. Those Britain, Australia, and New Zealand are major food items are perceived as substitutable or destinations for many Malaysians. commodities. For example, importers consider broccoli from Nearly all F&B outlets in 4-5 star hotels and China and the US as substitutable and will resorts serve western menus and there are many source imports offered at the lowest price. Beef mid to high-end restaurants across Malaysia and lamb from Australia, New Zealand, and the serving such menus. US food service franchise US are known for their quality and considered operations dominate the Malaysian market and not substitutable with lower price imports. include fast food restaurants, cafés, and family restaurants located across Malaysia. The government is encouraging local food Though Malaysia is dependent on imports for 70 manufacturers to expand exports, but domestic percent of the raw food materials, US exporters agriculture cannot supply sufficient raw face competition from locally produced raw food materials. materials that are in sufficient supply (e.g. poultry) including substitute products (e.g. palm oil vs. soybean oil). SECTION II. EXPORTER BUSINESS TIPS Business Customs Malaysians are accustomed to doing business with foreigners and readily accommodate foreign business manners. Younger businessmen are prepared to start new business relationships with foreign companies without the advantage of a personal meeting. These businessmen also prefer to communicate with foreign suppliers electronically. Prior to initiating any export sales to Malaysia, it would be advantageous to conduct a market survey with particular reference to the competitive environment. It is common for foreign exporters to appoint a local sales agent/importer to distribute their goods, expedite clearance of goods from ports and draw on existing networks of wholesalers and retailers. Regular visits by U.S. exporters to the market are also critical to enhance business relationships. General Consumer Tastes and Preferences Malaysia is a multiracial society consisting of three major races. The Malays account for 60 percent of the population, with Islam as the official religion; slightly more than 20 percent of Malaysians are Chinese who may be Buddhist or Christian. Indians form 7.1 percent of the population and they are largely Hindus. There is also a sizeable expatriate population and Malaysia is a popular tourist destination for Asia, the Middle East and Europe. Lunch and dinner meals consist mainly of rice together with two or three meats/fish and vegetable dishes that are prepared according to the styles and traditions of various ethnic communities. The Malays and Indians prepare their dishes with hot spices while Chinese prefer to stir-fry. Religious affiliation affects food consumption in Malaysia. Muslims do not eat pork, and only eat meat products that have been certified halal, and many Buddhists and Hindus do not eat beef. Thus, halal chicken meat is popular among all consumers and Malaysia has one of the world’s highest per capita consumption rates at 35 kg. With rising affluence and education levels, consumers’ shopping and eating lifestyles have changed drastically over the years. Malaysians, especially in urban and cosmopolitan areas, prefer to shop in modern retail outlets, which offer them one-stop shopping options. However, traditional stores such as provision and grocery shops, which are conveniently located in residential areas and workplaces, are still popular. Malaysians are adventurous in their eating habits. Eating out is common and is relatively inexpensive. Open air, street-stall food is popular. Fine dining restaurants and foodservice outlets incorporating international cuisines are found in Klang Valley and other major cities where spending power and population concentration are higher. Most consumers frequent this type of restaurants to dine in style and comfort and to experience the best and most sophisticated culinary standards in the country. With a Muslim population of 60 percent, the demand for halal foods by Malaysian consumers has increased over the years. The expectation of halal standard in food products have extended from meat and meat products to non meat-based products such snacks, confectionery, dairy, bakery, etc. Almost all food and ingredients destined for the food service sector must be certified halal. Halal is fast becoming recognized as a new benchmark for quality, hygiene and safety. Food products and ingredients that have halal certificates have added marketing value in Malaysia. Hence, most retailers, foodservice operators and food manufacturers are inclined to ask for halal certificates for non-meat based food products and ingredients. Food Standards and Regulations Malaysian health and food labeling requirements are fairly liberal. The labeling requirements specify that imported and domestically produced processed food items must be labeled in English or Bahasa Malaysia. Labels must contain the following information: (a) An appropriate description of the product; (b) A list of ingredients in descending order of proportion by weight; if the item contains any animal product, a statement as to the presence of such animal products (beef, pork, lard, gelatins, etc.,) (c) if the item contains any alcohol, a statement as to the presence of alcohol; (d) the minimum net weight of the product; in the case of a product packed in liquid, the minimum drained weight of the food; (e) the name and address of the manufacturer; (f) the name and address of the importer (this can be affixed at the time of import); (g) a statement of shelf life or expiry dates. Certain food additives, preservatives, and artificial colorings approved for use in the United States may not be permitted in Malaysia. Codex approved items are generally allowed if there are no provisions or regulations pertaining to the additives and preservatives in the Malaysian Food Regulation. In addition, products with labels that include phrases such as “Contains No Palm Oil” or “Contains No Tropical Oils” will not be allowed for import. (Malaysia is a palm oil producing country and is a strong advocate of this commodity). In addition to the general labeling requirements above, nutritional labeling is compulsory for the following foods: prepared cereal foods; various types of bread; variety of milk and powdered milk, including sweetened condensed milk, evaporated milk and cultured milk; canned meat; canned fish; canned vegetable, canned fruit and various types of fruit juices, salad dressing and mayonnaise, various types of soft drink including botanical drink, soya bean milk and soya bean drink. General Import and Inspection Procedures All food consignments are subject to random checking and sampling at the 34 entry points around the country to ensure food items imported into the country are safe and comply with the prescribed standards and regulations. All meat, poultry and dairy product shipments must be accompanied by appropriate USDA documentation. International freight forwarders normally handle documentation and other formalities with authorities at entry points. Provided all necessary documents are in order, no problems or delays should occur in clearance of goods. Halal requirement and certification All beef and poultry products must be certified halal and the products must originate from slaughterhouses that have been inspected and approved by the Malaysian veterinary and religious authorities. An Islamic Center approved by the Malaysian Islamic Development Department (JAKIM) must supervise the slaughter and processing and issue the halal certificate for meat and poultry. The Islamic Center must be listed by the packing plant on the original JAKIM application form or the application must be appropriately amended to make use of a new Islamic Center. U.S. exporters should also be aware that importers might request for additional certificates, which are not required by the authority, either to meet the demand of their own customers or for marketing purposes. For further processed food (which contains no meat), there is no known requirements for any certificate, but exporters are encouraged to acquire halal certification from approved Islamic Centers (http://www.halal.gov.my/v3/index.php/ms/senarai-badan-islam-yang-diiktiraf) to cater to the Muslim consumer market as Muslims account for more than half of Malaysia’s population and Muslims consume foods that are halal. The Halal Certificate should accompany the shipment and the products should have the approved Islamic Center’s halal logo on their packaging for information and marketing purposes. SECTION III. MARKET SECTOR STRUCTURE AND TRENDS Malaysia continues to be a net importer of food products with annual imports of more than $12 billion. Food imports have been growing on an average of 23 percent per annum over the last few years and will likely to grow at similar rates over the next five years In 2010, the total imports of consumer-oriented and edible fishery products to Malaysia were estimated at $4.9 billion. Total imports from the United States were $349 million, representing 7 percent market share. China is the major supplier with imports at $998 million, representing 20 percent of the market share. India took the second spot with imports worth of $572 million which is 12% of the market share, followed by New Zealand (9%) and Australia (7%). China is the main supplier of vegetables with reported imports at $242 million in 2010. Turnip, cabbage, carrot, potato and garlic were among the major items. China is the market leader for mandarin oranges ($33 million), apples ($24 million) and pears ($19 million). Since the US and China are both in the northern hemisphere with similar seasons, US exporters have to compete aggressively with Chinese exporters who can sell their produce at lower prices. South Africa overtook China as the major supplier of oranges with $10 million worth of imports. US Valencia oranges, apples and grapes are popular in the Malaysian market. Imports for 2010 were at $16.6 million, $5.9 million and $5.6 million respectively. Fresh strawberries, raspberries, blueberries and cranberries are niche markets and the U.S. is a major supplier with imports worth $1 million annually. Competition is less intense with supplies from Australia and South Africa since they have the opposite seasons. By tradition, New Zealand is the most favored for dairy products followed by Australia. In 2010, imports of full cream milk powder, skim milk powder, butter and cheeses from New Zealand were at $321 million while imports from US overtook Australia, at $86 million and $85 million respectively. US whey is finding a growing market with an increase of 65 per cent from 2009, estimated at $22 million. India is the leading supplier of red meat market with total imports of $239 million (89,370 metric tons) in 2010. Indian beef and buffalo meat caters to the mass market. In the foodservice sector, competition for US beef comes from Australia and New Zealand, with total imports amounted to $49 million and $10 million respectively in the same year. US beef is considered premium and is found only in high-end foodservice outlets and restaurants serving Japanese, Korean and Western cuisines. Malaysia is self-sufficient in poultry (broiler/eggs) production. Chicken parts and chicken wings are imported periodically to meet the demand from the local processing industry. In 2010, China is the major supplier for chicken parts and chicken wing at $51 million. Imports from Denmark and Thailand were at $7 million respectively. Malaysia is a net importer of fish and seafood products with an annual import at $724 million in 2010. China is the main supplier with $242 million, followed by Indonesia ($121 million) and Thailand ($116 million). An increasing number of middle to high income consumers in Malaysia demand high quality imported exotic fish and seafood, especially live, and the bulk of these will be consumed in middle to high-end Chinese seafood restaurants. Lobsters (Boston, Rock), abalone, oysters, scallops, clams (Razor, Blood, Sea, Jacknife), green mussels, crabs (Snow, King, Blue Swimmer, Dungeness), prawns (Mantis), geoduck, farmed sturgeon, razor fish, turbot, grouper, sea bass, bamboo fish, coral trout and carp are popular. High-end western restaurants and high-end hotels have a demand for premium fresh, chilled or frozen products, such as salmon, cod, Dover sole, halibut as well as oysters, scallops, clams, lobsters, crabs and alike. Most salmon imports (fresh/chilled, frozen and smoked) are distributed to these types of food service outlets. Supermarkets and hypermarkets are good for fresh chilled or frozen lobsters, crabs, large prawns, mackerel, cod, salmon (included smoked), Hoki, Dori, mackerel, crab meat, mussels, scallops and clams. Opportunities exist for US fish and seafood exporters to develop their market presence in Malaysia by supplying to these major businesses. Distribution for consumer-ready food products Private companies are the major entities in the food distribution system. Food importers and commissioned agents place orders with foreign suppliers and distribute to supermarkets/grocery stores and hotels in the cities and to sundry shops in the rural areas. Several of the larger supermarket and hypermarket chains are importing directly from overseas. Most products from the United States enter through the ports of Klang, Penang and Johor. Transshipment of food products through Singapore has declined with improvement in shipping facilities offered by major ports in Malaysia. Westport, situated in Port Klang and the Port of Tanjung Pelepas (in Johor) have further enhanced Malaysia as a shipping hub. Malaysia has seven international airports, including the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA), one of the biggest and most modern airports in the region. Malaysia’s modern highway network is the backbone of the country’s transport system as 90% of passenger and cargo movements are by roads. Roads link almost every town in Malaysia, and products move efficiently between cities and rural areas. Food Retail Sector Malaysia has a large and growing food retail market that is supplied by local and imported products. The current total retail sales of food and beverages are estimated at US$11 billion. The forecast for this sector is likely to grow by around 10 percent per annum over the next three to five years. Malaysian households spend an average 24 percent of their household income on retail purchase of foods. Due to rising affluence and higher education level, Malaysian consumers have become more sophisticated and demand higher quality for the goods that they purchased. According to Retail Group Malaysia, the bulk of retail food sales are channeled through the traditional stores, such as provision stores, grocery stores, specialty food stores and other sundry shops. This sub- sector commands close to 60 percent of food sales today. Modern stores such as supermarkets, hypermarkets and department stores with supermarkets only have around 39 percent share of the retail food market. Convenience stores have remained insignificant, with only about 1 percent share of the retail food market. Independent grocery stores and wet markets are found in the residential areas of both urban and rural towns across Malaysia. Most of the food items sold by grocery stores are canned foods, dried foods, snack foods, ice cream, and soft drinks. Fresh produces such as fruits and vegetables are seldom sold and usually do not sell frozen or chilled foods other than ice cream. However, grocery stores known as mini-markets, which are larger and more modern than the traditional grocery stores, would sell these food items. However, they are relatively fewer in numbers compared to the traditional grocery stores. Wet markets include daily wet markets operating in permanent buildings and weekly morning and night markets operating in non-permanent locations. Food items sold are generally fresh fruits, vegetable, meat and fish. Imports are usually apples, oranges, grapes, carrots, potatoes, onions, cabbages, and broccoli. Supermarkets and hypermarkets are mainly located in the major urban centers and are continuing to grow in numbers. Foreign-owned retailers operating locally include Tesco, Carrefour, Dairy Farms International (owns Giant), and Jaya Jusco. Supermarkets and hypermarkets will continue to see the fastest growth over the next three years. These retail stores provide good venues for imported products and access to the middle and high-income sophisticated consumers. Competition among the retailers, especially hypermarkets, is intense with large international retailers like Tesco, Giant and Carrefour frequently engaging in price wars to establish their presence as major players in the market. Meanwhile, Giant, the largest hypermarket operator in Malaysia, is reported to sacrifice profits in order to maintain the low-price leader status. Pressure is mounting for local retailers such as The Store to maintain competitive prices and carry a good variety of products in order to keep up with the international players. A recent study conducted by a retail consultant in Malaysia showed that Malaysians are shopping more at convenience stores and petrol marts. Increasing competition has resulted in a need for convenience stores to become more professional. Customers are now expecting more sophisticated offers like a wider range of better quality ready-to-eat snacks and hot-and-chilled beverages. Key Entry Strategies for US Exporters 1. Market, distribute, and promote through the supermarkets and hypermarkets. 2. Promote food products to create consumer awareness and loyalty. 3. Appoint importers or agents that best meets the needs of the exporter. 4. Ensure that processed foods are acceptable to local taste and have appropriate packaging. 5. Acquire halal certification from recognized Islamic institution in the US. Food Processing Sector There are nearly 3,200 manufacturers involved in the food manufacturing industry in Malaysia and the industry accounts for nearly 10 percent of Malaysia’s manufacturing output. Processed foods are exported to 80 countries, with an annual export value of more than $2.6 billion. Food manufacturers operating in Malaysia include both Malaysian and multinational companies such as Nestle, Unilever, Cerebos, and Campbell Soup. The Malaysian government has identified the food processing industry as a priority sector for industrial development and increase exports. Malaysia’s Ministry of International Trade and Industries (MITI) estimates the global market for halal foods (foods suitable for Muslim consumption) at US$560 billion annually. Recognizing the potential of the halal food industry, the Malaysian Government aims to become the Global Halal Hub by becoming a major producer of halal food and to be in the forefront of marketing, certification and reference for halal food products. With the emphasis given by the Government to promote Malaysia as an international halal hub, the prospects for the halal food industry are promising. Malaysia also works closely with the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) countries to promote the Malaysian Halal Standard (MS1500:2009) as the benchmark for international standard for halal products. This is expected to further contribute to the acceptance of Malaysia’s halal food products globally. Big corporations such as Nestle and Tesco are known to work hand-in-hand with the government to achieve the halal hub goal. Nestle has picked Malaysia as their global halal food production center and exports halal products to more than 50 countries with export sales over $222 million in 2009. Meanwhile, Tesco Malaysia has announced its plan to export $2.7 million worth of halal products from Malaysia to Britain by 2011. Changes in consumer lifestyle and government emphasis encouraging exports of processed foods from Malaysia are the market drivers of the country’s food processing industry. Malaysia’s rising per capita income and increasing urban population has encouraged consumers to lead a more modern but busy lifestyle. Thus there is a trend towards meals that are convenient to prepare or ready to eat. Consumers are also demanding more variety in their foods, becoming accustomed to international cuisines including western foods, and also healthier foods, providing new opportunities for food manufacturers. An important trend affecting the local food processing industry is the establishment of new supermarkets and hypermarkets throughout Malaysia. Shopping at these retails outlets is becoming increasingly popular among consumers. These supermarkets and hypermarkets have cold storage facilities to stock and display chilled and frozen foods. This provides opportunities for food manufacturers to develop and market frozen and chilled processed foods. Key Entry Strategies for US Exporters 1. Ensure quality of the raw food materials to instill manufacturers’ confidence. 2. Acquire halal certification to cater to the Muslim consumer market. 3. Emphasize on the competitive advantage of the exporter’s products to the food manufacturers. 4. Market and promote to increase awareness among food manufacturers. 5. Establish an efficient distribution network to maximize market penetration. Food Service Sector Malaysia has a sizeable and rapidly growing food service market today. Sources from the trade estimate the food service market today is valued between $5 billion to $6 billion today. The food service market has been growing at a rapid average rate of around 7 percent and 10 percent per annum over the next three to five years. This positive forecast is due to growing sophistication and affluence among consumers. Foodservice operators are constantly developing products and services to attract consumers. Hotels and resorts, restaurants, and the institutional sub-sectors represent the best potential for US exporters. The restaurant sub-sector accounted for 70 percent of the total food service sales in 2009. This is followed by the hotels and resorts (8 percent) and catering services to institutions (5 percent). Other sub-sectors include food stalls but are not a potential market for US exporters since they mainly serve relatively cheap local dishes. Malaysia’s tourism industry has also led towards the growth of the food service industry in Malaysia. Tourism is an important revenue earner for the country. Currently it is the second largest foreign exchange earner after manufacturing. The number of tourists visiting Malaysia rose 4.3 per cent to 24.6 million in 2010 from 23.6 million in 2009. Total tourism revenue generated was $18 billion. Of this, food and beverage contributed 17.4%. For 2010, Tourism Malaysia projected tourist expenditure on food and beverages to rise to 18.4% or $3.16 billion. With the current government’s effort to promote Malaysia as a medical tourism hub, tourists’ arrivals are expected to grow in the coming years. The growth in tourism is expected to fuel the growth of restaurants offering international cuisines such as Middle Eastern and Latin American food. High tariffs and excise taxes in alcoholic beverages are deterring the consumption of wine in the foodservice sector. The taxes, known as sin tax, increase about 5 percent-10 percent every year. Coupled with the high mark-ups on the wine by hotel and restaurant operators, the selling price of the wines is exorbitant and this prohibits further consumption in foodservice outlets. Key Entry Strategies for US Exporters 1. Conduct promotional activities to create awareness among importers and the food service establishments. 2. Appoint local importers specialized in the food service industry to import and market the exporter’s food products to the food service establishments. 3. Target the mid to high-end food service establishments. 4. Acquire halal certification from recognized Islamic institutions in the US. 5. Maintain a product positioning strategy for the food products. SECTION IV. BEST HIGH-VALUE PRODUCT PROSPECTS Product 2010 2010 3Yr. Import Key Market Category Market Imports Avg. Tariff Constraints Attractiveness Size Annual Rate Over Market For USA Import Development Growth Infant N/A N/A N/A No import Food cultural The USA is food, duties are barriers exist. already the including levied on Malaysian major supplier dairy infant mothers for bottled products milk/food. appear to infant food and prefer cereal the market is based infant upgrading on foods. the back of higher Locally disposable prepared and incomes. packed dairy products of Nestlé, Danone Dumex and Dutch Baby have a strong hold on the market. Fruit N/A 34,949 N/A juices tons 20% except The retail This market is ($55 for market for likely to million) pineapple fruit juices is become more juice which growing, the dynamic in incurs market is future as 30%. upgrading Malaysians from cordials start to on the back of understand higher these products. disposable Opportunities incomes. will exist for development by the U.S. pure juice suppliers. Temperate N/A 445,695 11% No import Competition Demand for Fresh tons growth duty is from key temperate Vegetables ($242 charged established vegetables will million) suppliers from continue to rise Australia, on the back of Indonesia and rising China. disposable incomes. This Competition will provide also comes in opportunities the form of for U.S. products from suppliers able Malaysia’s to compete with own Australia, highlands and Indonesia and some Asian China. countries. Frozen N/A 21,844 7% Nil except Frozen vegetables tons sweet corn Demand is vegetables, ($15 which not very especially million) incurs 5% varied and potatoes from and frozen revolves US are in potatoes at around demand from 7%. potatoes, Malaysian peas, sweet consumers. corn and mixed Note: Food vegetables. service demand is also important. Temperate N/A 350,693 17% 5% for Few barriers This is one of fresh fruits tons strawberry, exist for the most ($185 raspberry popular attractive million) and products such market gooseberry as apples, segments for and 10% pears, oranges the USA to for other and grapes. develop. fruits Demand for except kiwi temperate fruits fruit which will rise on the incur 30% back of rising import disposable duty. incomes. Dried N/A 21,037 33% 10% except Mature Attractive to fruits tons growth for Dates, traditional U.S. suppliers ($16 which demand exists with market million) incur no except for driven approach import dates which to business with duty. are growing Malaysia. rapidly on the back of rising disposable incomes. Edible N/A N/A N/A Nil, except Major This market nuts for roasted demand should not be groundnuts growth is ignored. The which from the food USA is already incurs 20% industry. the major import supplier and the duty. market is upgrading on the back of higher disposable incomes. Dog and N/A 39,373 cat food tons 27% No Few constraints/ Attractive for retail ($65 import barriers exist for sale million) duties under conditions committed are where disposable suppliers levied incomes are wishing to on dog growing. actively or cat develop food. markets on a long-term basis. SECTION V. KEY CONTACTS AND FURTHER INFORMATION If you have any questions or comments regarding this report or need assistance exporting high value products to Malaysia, please contact the Office of Agricultural Affairs at the U.S. Embassy in Kuala Lumpur at the following address: Office of the Agricultural Affairs U.S. Embassy - Kuala Lumpur APO AP 96535-8152 Tel : (011-60-3) 2168-4985/2168-4884 Fax : (011-60-3) 2168-5023 email: agkualalumpur@fas.usda.gov For more information on exporting U.S. agricultural products to other countries, please visit the Foreign Agricultural Service homepage: http://www.fas.usda.gov. Malaysian Regulatory Agencies / Other Trade Contacts Director Food Safety and Quality Division Ministry of Health Malaysia Level 3, Block E7, Parcel E Federal Government Administration Center Putrajaya 62518 Tel: +6-03-8883--3888 Fax: +6-03-8889-4971 http://fsis2.moh.gov.my/fosimv2/HOM/frmHOMPage.aspx Director General of Customs Royal Customs and Excise Headquarters Malaysia Ministry of Finance Complex Precinct 2, Federal Government Administration Center 62596 Putrajaya. Tel : +(6-03) 8882 2100 Fax : +(6-03) 8889 5899 http://www.customs.gov.my Director Veterinary Public Health Department of Veterinary Services, Wisma Tani, Podium Block, Lot 4G1, Prescinct 4, Putrajaya. Tel: +60-3 8870 2000 Fax: +60-3 8888 6051 Website: www.dvs.gov.my APPENDIX 1. STATISTICS A. KEY TRADE & DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION Agricultural Imports From All Countries (US$Mil) / U.S. Market Share (%) 14,098 / 6% Consumer Food Imports From All Countries (US$Mil) / U.S. Market Share (%) 4,129/9% Edible Fishery Imports From All Countries (US$Mil) / U.S. Market Share (%) 724/ 2% Total Population (Millions) / Annual Growth Rate (%) 28.25/ 1.8% Urban Population (Millions) / Annual Growth Rate (%) 17.6/ 2.5% Number of Major Metropolitan Areas 11 Size of Middle Class (Millions) / Growth Rate (%) (estimate) 17 / 2.5% Per Capita Gross Domestic Product (US Dollars) $8,180 Unemployment Rate (%) 3.4% Per Capita Food Expenditures (U.S. Dollars) $1,500 Percent of Female Population Employed 45.8% Exchange rate (US$1 = X.X local currency) Dec 29, 2011 US$ = 3.2 RM TABLE B. Consumer Food & Edible Fishery Products Imports from the World Imports from the U.S. U.S Market Share Malaysia Imports 2008 2009 2010 2008 2009 2010 2008 2009 2010 (In Millions of Dollars) CONSUMER-ORIENTED AGRICULTURAL TOTAL 3339 3173 4129 314 248 339 9 8 8 Snack Foods (Excl. Nuts) 141 143 169 10 12 10 7 8 6 Breakfast Cereals & Pancake Mix 18 19 22 1 2 2 6 11 9 Red Meats, Fresh/Chilled/Frozen 335 368 461 1 2 2 0 1 0 Red Meats, Prepared/Preserved 11 12 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 Poultry Meat 67 51 71 2 2 1 3 4 1 Dairy Products (Excl. Cheese) 754 414 583 100 37 79 13 9 14 Cheese 47 40 62 3 2 7 6 5 11 Eggs & Products 3 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 Fresh Fruit 131 157 173 15 20 27 11 13 16 Fresh Vegetables 343 409 569 8 6 9 2 1 2 Processed Fruit & Vegetables 199 221 265 40 37 45 20 17 17 Fruit & Vegetable Juices 44 43 55 17 14 17 38 33 31 Tree Nuts 30 28 38 10 10 12 33 36 32 Wine & Beer 68 80 86 3 2 2 4 3 2 Nursery Products & Cut Flowers 11 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 Pet Foods (Dog & Cat Food) 45 51 65 9 11 12 20 22 18 Other Consumer-Oriented Products 1027 1070 1410 89 92 113 9 9 8 FISH & SEAFOOD PRODUCTS 541 625 724 9 12 7 2 2 1 Salmon 21 17 22 0 0 0 0 0 0 Surimi 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Crustaceans 126 166 219 1 2 1 1 1 0 Groundfish & Flatfish 79 83 73 2 0 0 3 0 0 Molluscs 32 42 50 1 2 2 3 5 4 Other Fishery Products 279 318 360 4 8 4 1 3 1 AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS TOTAL 11656 10780 14098 679 661 823 6 6 6 AGRICULTURAL, FISH & FORESTRY TOTAL 12705 11783 15329 721 695 858 6 6 6 Source: Global Trade Atlas. Table C: Top 6 Suppliers of Consumers Foods & Top 15 Suppliers of Edible Fishery Products CONSUMER-ORIENTED AGRICULTURAL TOTAL – ($1,000) RANK IMPORT MARKET 2008 2009 2010 1 CHINA 508,298 549,022 755,671 2 INDIA 362,287 428,964 542,417 3 NEW ZEALAND 528,192 346,540 455,870 4 AUSTRALIA 309,121 281,906 343,670 5 UNITED STATES 317,781 251,842 342,277 6 THAILAND 283,923 258,010 327,525 Others 1,029,671 1,056,630 1,361,118 TOTAL 3,339,272 3,172,914 4,128,548 FISH & SEAFOOD PRODUCTS – ($1,000) RANK IMPORT MARKET 2008 2009 2010 1 CHINA 109,165 181,440 241,560 2 INDONESIA 97,191 101,884 120,680 3 THAILAND 112,495 108,025 115,778 4 MYANMAR 29,515 31,516 35,052 5 VIETNAM 37,937 32,127 31,251 6 INDIA 22,231 23,969 29,501 7 JAPAN 13,508 11,801 16,090 8 NORWAY 10,496 11,343 14,612 9 TAIWAN 9,681 8,877 10,860 10 PAKISTAN 13,252 13,783 10,776 11 AUSTRALIA 6,794 7,655 9,486 12 CANADA 2,490 8,469 8,179 13 MEXICO 5,799 10,283 7,797 14 UNITED STATES 8,725 11,924 6,977 15 NEW ZEALAND 4,550 4,921 5,778 OTHERS 56,897 56,640 59,564 TOTAL 540,725 624,657 723,941 Source: Global Trade Atlas. END OF REPORT
Posted: 23 January 2012

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Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards   By Foreign Agricultural Service